Many of the techniques in thai massage seem to be common sense and in Thailand, rural workers have for generations exchanged massage with family members. In tandem, there exists a more scientific form of thai massage which is based on yoga theory introduced to Thailand 2,000 years ago. Using stretching and acupressure techniques, its aim is to aid the flow of energy around the body to restore balance, in much the same way as yoga.
In a more Western model, used in osteopathy and myofascial release, pathways resembling the Thai energy lines are described as connecting the muscles of the body. By a process of unravelling, the therapist can release tension and encourage healthy patterns of movement.